My Son, located 69 km southwest of Danang, was an imperial city during the Cham dynasty, between the 4th and 12th centuries. My Son Sanctuary is a large complex of religious relics that comprises more than 70 architectural works. They include temples and towers that connect to each other with complicated red brick designs. The main component of the Cham architectural design is the tower, built to reflect the divinity of the king.
According to records on the stone stele, the prime
foundation of the ancient My Son architectural complex was a wooden temple to
worship the Siva Bhadresvera genie. In the late 16th century, a big fire
destroyed the temple. Step by step, historical mysteries were unveiled by
scientists. Through stone stele and royal dynasties, they proved My Son to be
the most important Holy Land of the Cham people from the late 4th to the 15th
centuries. For many centuries, the Cham built Lip, a mutually linked
architectural complex, with baked bricks and sandstone. The main temple worships
the Linga-Yoni, who represents the capability of invention. Beside the main
tower (Kalan) are several sub-towers worshipping Genies or deceased kings.
Although time and the wars have destroyed some towers, the remaining sculptural
and architectural remnants still reflect the style and history of the art of the
Cham people. Their masterpieces mark a glorious time for the architecture and
culture of the Cham, as well as of Southeast Asia.
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