Location: My Son lies in a narrow valley in
Duy Tan Commune, Duy Xuyen District, Quang Nam Province. 70km southwest of
Danang City, 20km away from the Tra Kieu Citadel, and 40km away from the ancient
town of Hoi An.
Characteristics: My Son is a group of temple-towers of Cham people. With
its great value, in December 1999, the complex of My Son Cham Towers has been
recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Various researches by archaeologists and architects have revealed that at the
beginning, there was only one small wooden temple built by King Bhadresvara I in
late 4th century. In the 7th century, King Sambhuvarman had it rebuilt, using
more durable materials From then on, successive Cham kings, when enthroned, had
their temple-towers constructed as offerings to their gods. During seven
centuries (7th to 14th century), such temple-towers mushroomed in My Son,
turning this land into a cultural, and religious center of the Cham Kingdom. My
Son was a complex of constructions, including different temple-towers and steal
in various architectural styles. French researchers listed some 70 temple-towers
there. However, time and war together have taken their toll on these relics.
Now, only 20 temple-towers remain almost intact. The rest have been reduced to
ruins. These vestiges are valuable treasures of information for studying the
development of Cham culture. During its seven centuries of development, Cham
arts produced many works equal to masterpieces of the world. Though less
imposing than the Angkor in Cambodia and less diversified than the Pagan site in
Myanmar, My Son is unique of its kind in Southeast Asia.