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Duc Ba Cathedral

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Location: Duc Ba Cathedral is located on Han Thuyen Street, facing down Dong Khoi Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.
Characteristic: The resplendent Governor�s Palace, completed in 1875, symbolized the regime�s political power in Asia. And five years later, the Duc Ba (Our Lady�s) Cathedral was inaugurated, and became the spiritual and cultural crucible of the French presence in the Orient.
After the first French colonizing force arrived in Vietnam in the mid - 19thcentury, it took only 21 years before the country had a cathedral to match the hulking Gothic edifices of France itself. The cathedral is supposed to represent the glory of the French Empire. Yet, as is always the case with colonization, this attempt to import French traditions into Vietnam transformed the colonizers� culture in the process. Even though the cathedral is built in a Western architectural style, it has a uniquely Eastern aspect. Several architects put forward design proposals for the cathedral, but in 1877 the authorities selected Mr Bourard, who was famed for his religious architecture. He envisaged, and executed, a basilica-like structure with a square plan. The cathedral is composed of two main central bays with two sidereal corridors, with tall pillars and light coming in through sets of high windows, and a semi-circular shrine. The style follows a Roman pattern, although the outside contains some modifications: the cathedral�s vaults are Gothic, and a modern steel skeleton supports the whole building. In 1894 a pointed minaret was added to the bell tower, at the behest of an architect named Gardes, who was also responsible for the Xa Tay Palace, the building that now houses the Municipal People�s Committee. The cathedral is a much smaller than those in France, but it was the largest in the French empire. The interior is very large: the principal shrine and two additional bays are 93m long, and reach 35m in width at one point. The semi-circular shrine at the rear seats a choir during services, and there are five chapels. The walls are made of Bien Hoa granite, combined with red tiles from Marseilles, all without coating. Red tiles from France were also used on the roofs, but they were later replaced with tiles of equal quality from Phu Huu. Natural light streams in through stained-glass windows which were made by the Lorin Company from the French town of Sartre. The whole building is well-ventilated thanks to a system of air-holes placed above and under the windows. The belfry is 57m high. For a long time it was the highest structure in the city centre, and was the first thing an arriving traveler would see when approaching the city by boat. Six bells weigh a combined 25,850kg. In 1885, the floor was taken apart and new pillars were added, because the original foundation could not bear the cathedral�s weight. Stepping inside the cathedral, tourists see a line of Chinese characters eulogizing the Jesus� mother, "the innocent and unblemished Virgin Mother", and stained-glass portraits of Vietnamese believers amid Asiatic plants. On the square in front of the cathedral, there is a statue of the Virgin Mother made of white marble, symbolizing peace. All told, it�s an unusual building: a Western architectural and religious style that has been transplanted into, and adapted to, the East. The colonizers were trying to impose French beliefs and customs onto Vietnam but once that culture arrived on Asia�s shores, it took on a life of its own. The cathedral is seen as a unique synthesis, adding an unmistakable Oriental flavor to an ancient Occidental recipe.

Source: VNAT

OTHER TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN HO CHI MINH CITY (SAIGON):
Welcoming the Lord Whale Festival
The death anniversary of the founder of jewelry
Phan Cong Hon Temple Festival
Ong Pagoda Festival
Ong Dia Temple Festival
Ong Bon Pagoda Festival
Le Van Duyet Tomb Festival
Ky Yen Festival at Truong Tho Communal House
Ky Yen Festival at Phu Nhuan Communal House
Ky Yen Festival at Binh Dong Communal House
Cho Lon (Lon Market)
Can Gio - a biosphere reserve of the world
Ben Thanh Market
Ba Thien Hau Pagoda Festival
Xa Loi Pagoda
War Remnants Museum
Vinh Nghiem Pagoda
Vietnam History Museum
Van Hanh Monastery
Tran Hung Dao Temple
Ton Duc Thang Museum
Thong Nhat Conference Hall
Revolutionary Museum
Phung Son Pagoda
Nam Bo Women's Museum
Ho Chi Minh Museum
Ho Chi Minh Municipal Theatre
Ho Chi Minh City Fine Arts Museum
Giac Vien Pagoda
Giac Lam Pagoda