Bat Trang Pottery Village
Bat Trang Pottery Village is located in the south east of Hanoi, passing Chuong
Duong Bridge turns right and go about 10km along the dike of Red River. Bat
Trang belongs to Bat Trang Commune, Gia Lam District, Hanoi, Vietnam.
Characteristic: This is a pottery village with a half-millenary historic development.
Some decades recently, the vitality of this village is still blown up by the thousands of pottery-kiln on fire day and night.
In the period about 12th - 14th century, there are a numbers of families in Bo Bat Pottery Village (in Thanhhoa Province now). They were Bui, Phung, Tran and Vu families coming there to work pottery, selling it to people in city even doing business with foreigners. At first, it was called Bach Ho Group and when there are the thousands of pottery-kiln, it was called Bat Trang - the age of name is as approximately old as the age of group.
Who was the Bat Trang pottery ancestor? As a popular documentary he is Hua Vinh Kieu who gained a pupil scholar certificate under the reign of Ly. On the occasion of being sent to the north country under the Sung Dynasty ( China today) as King’s envoy, he learnt work and taught to people when he came back. He was regarded as the founder. But according to the "Dao Tuong Kinh Su Bi Ky" epitaph, Tran Hoe Doctor in Tu Chi built it. Quy duke, Nguyen Thanh Chau, in 1737. He was the founder. On the other theories, Luu Phuong was said to be the founder...
When it was seen
on the Dai Viet administrative map, Bat Trang products were got the favor of
people from the top citizen class in Thang Long to the poor peasant in country.
Bat Trang family use items gone far abroad. From the early 15th century, China
was the place with the tradition pottery work for the thousands of years and
well known in the world but there were ever the tens of Bat Trang pottery sets
in the tribute festival. Since then in every reign, in decline or prospect
situations, Bat Trang Pottery Village still assured the worth of goods, kept
position and passed every trial. It is proud of working, living, old origin in
Bat Trang. In the Gia Lam proverb, there is a word: "living to be man in Bat
Trang, dying to be tutelary spirit" that means it is very happy to be a man in
Bat Trang because of the stable pottery work, big fortune. In Kieu Ki Village,
there was a work of making Indian ink; material was the skin of buffalo. They
had to kill buffalo and worship tutelary spirit so this tutelary was well off.
Bat Trang likes a symbol of Vietnam traditional trade village.
It is a famous trade village, recently, there are over 6,000 people in 1,500 families with the total 153ha. The rate of pottery kiln in Bat Trang is the first rank at the other same villages in the world. Most men in Bat Trang follow the traditional work (nine of ten) except for person leaving home. After over an innovation decade, many traditional trade villages are recovered, the innovation and increase of Bat Trang Pottery Village are increasing unbelievably.
On the basic of
tradition pottery technique, Bat Trang pottery workers have taken -
abused-propagated greatly the progress of science technology into every stage in
making pottery. It has made many types of top class pottery, that is useful and
beautiful and it upgrades the sense of pottery art. The Bat Trang list of
pottery getting high quality is longer more and more by day like bowl, dish,
pot, cup, wine pot, a big flower-vase, leg lamp, lime-pot, big-bellied jar... It
made by all sort of glazes as ancient pearl blaze, crackle glaze, dark glaze,
indigo-blue flower glaze, grey flower glaze, melt glaze...
In 10/2004, Bat Trang Pottery Market was opened in the area of over 5.000m². It is not only the place to display and trade but also an interesting tourist site in Hanoi.
Bat Trang Village Festival
Time: From the 14th to the 16th day of the second
Place: Bat Trang Communal House, Bat Trang Commune, Gia Lam District, Hanoi.
Objects of worship: Han Cao To and Lu Hau, Cai O Minh Chinh Tu Royal Highest, top-ranking general Phan, Ho Quoc Genie, Bach Ma Genie.
Characteristics: Water procession, ancestral tablet washing, contest of composing ca tru song to sing on the worshipping ceremony.
Bat Trang Village is famous for pottery. The village is located near the bank of the river, includes sacred communal house, pagoda, temple, shrine. The village festival involves water procession, ancestral tablet washing, a procession of ancestral tablet to the communal house to worship. The offering to the village's tutelary god is a barbecued young fat buffalo. They put the whole buffalo on the large table with six big feasts and four trays of steamed glutinous rice. After worshipping, the offerings are shared out for every family.
Source: Vietnam Administration of Tourism